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Before the arrival of the Europeans, the largest society in the New World was the Empire of the Incas. They spread over what is known as today, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina. They reigned for only 100 years, from ca. 1438 AD.

The Inca people spoke quechua, meaning "land od the four quarters." The land was actually divided into four sections, Chichasuyu, Condesuyu, Antisuyu, and Collasuyu. Their capitol was Cuzco. Inca rulers brought together many different societies of all different ethinic groups and different languages.

Key Facts

Important things to remember about the Incas

The largest society in the New World for 100 years.
The Inca settled in A.D. 1200.
They spoke Quechua.